Scoliosis, which is characterized by an abnormal curvature of the spine, manifest both in children and adults. A spinal curvature greater than 25 to 30 degrees is considered significant, while the greater curvature of 45 to 50 degrees is considered very serious.
Scoliosis may be structural or functional form. In the first case, the problem lies with the spine itself and may be caused by birth defects, metabolic disease, or connective tissue disorders. You can get to know about 'scoliosis treatment via https://hiyh.info/id_ID/scoliosis-treatment/' (also known as 'perawatan skoliosis via https://hiyh.info/id_ID/scoliosis-treatment/' in the Indonesian language).
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In functional form, scoliosis is characterized by arches while on the spine caused by problems such as muscle spasms or appendicitis. In this case, the problem does not originate spine.
Scoliosis symptoms include head of de-centered, uneven waist, one shoulder or hip higher than the other, the protrusion of one side of the rib, the body leaning to one side, and skin changes at the top of the spine. In children, if there is pain together with these symptoms, it may be caused by a tumor in the spine or bones. In adults, the symptoms are the same, but can also result in severe scoliosis back pain and respiratory problems.
Once suspected, scoliosis confirmed through X-rays, CT scans, X-rays of the spine, MRI, or bone scan of the spine. Cobb method was then used to measure the degree of curvature.
In short, as Scoliosis in children and adolescents is usually not accompanied by pain, it may not be noticed at an early stage.