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Medical Definition of Diabetic Retinopathy

Diseases of the retina caused by diabetes that involves damage to the small blood vessels in the back of the eye.

Early disease may not cause symptoms. As the disease advances, it entered the advanced, or proliferative, stage. If you are looking for diabetic eye disease diagnose in Toronto then you are in the right place.

Fragile, new blood vessels grow along the retina and in the clear, gel-like vitreous that fills the inside of the eye. Without timely treatment, these new blood vessels can bleed, cloud vision, and destroy the retina.

All people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who are at risk for diabetic retinopathy. Swelling in the retina most sensitive to light (macular edema) makes it difficult for patients to do things like reading and drive. As the newly formed blood vessels behind the eye, they can bleed and blur vision further.

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Major bleeding tends to occur more than once, often during sleep. There are no early warning signs. The diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy is made during an eye exam that includes tests of visual acuity, pupil dilation, an ophthalmoscopy (to look at the back of the eye), and tonometry (to check the pressure).

Two treatments for diabetic retinopathy are laser surgery, to stop the edema and hemorrhage, and vitrectomy, to remove blood from the back of the eye. It is strongly recommended that all people with diabetes have an eye examination at least once (ideally twice) a year.

Type 2 diabetes can affect everyone, regardless of age. early symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be missed, so that those affected may not know they have the condition.